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More than 19,255,000 people live in the state of New York. Sailing for France, Giovanni da Verrazano discovered New York Bay in 1524. Then, Henry Hudson who was working for the Dutch, found the bay and sailed up the river now named for his own, and this was in 1609. France claimed northern New York in the same year. It was getting pretty crowded on the East Coast!
In 1624, the Dutch made a settlement at a location now called Albany. The year after that, Manhattan Island was purchased from Native Americans for goods worth about 60 guilders. New York City was surrendered to the English in 1664. The Erie Canal was probably responsible for New York's rapid commercial growth and it had been opened in 1825. New York City is known as the nerve center of the U.S. It leads in commerce and banking, foreign trade, manufacturing, magazine and book publishing, and of course, theatrical productions on the famous Great White Way of Broadway.
John F. Kennedy Airport is one of the busiest ones of the world. The New York Stock Exchange is in the city, and two large manufacturing industries there -- publishing and printing, and the apparel industry -- are the largest employers in the city. A lot of the state's manufacturing is on Long Island. The St. Lawrence seaway has given New York a second seacoast. In 2005, the state had 586,400 employees. The tourist and convention businesses are a very important source of income.